Please note that the census also includes foreigns that are in Panama that day, even you are not a resident.
It is mandatory to provide information to these officials. Once finished, you will be given a password allowing you to circulate on the streets. You will be fined if you have NOT been registered and the National Police stops you.
For those who must work that day, as doctors, nurses, etc., Shall be subject to prior registration.
This is covered under Act 10 of 2009 and Executive Decree 726 of 2009.